Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health concern in the United States. A TBI is a trauma or damage to the brain, and it affects how the brain functions. Each year an estimated 1.5 million Americans sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI). From these severe injuries, 230,000 people are hospitalized, and 50,000 people die as a result. These types of catastrophic injuries are a significant cause of long-term disability or death in the U.S. In fact, about 176 people die from TBI-related deaths every day in the U.S.
What Are The Primary Causes?
A traumatic brain injury often results from a violent blow or jolt to the head. An object that penetrates through brain tissue, such as a bullet, also can cause this severe type of injury. Having a TBI can be debilitating and often result in long-term complications. There are many causes of head injuries in children and adults; here are the most common:
TBI is most commonly caused by falls. This can happen from a fall from a ladder, down the stairs, in the bath, or even from bed. Sustaining a TBI from a fall is particularly common in older adults. However, falls are the leading cause of TBI for all age groups, except for infants. For seniors (aged 65 and older), falling is the leading cause of both fatal and non-fatal TBIs.
Motor Vehicle Crashes
Car accidents are another common cause of TBI or any vehicle collision; this can include motorcycle accidents, bicyclist accidents, and pedestrian accidents. In the United States, car accidents are the leading cause of TBI-related deaths for people between 15 and 24 years old.
Being Struck by an Object
Being struck by an object is also a common cause of TBI. If the head is violently struck by an object or when an object penetrates the skull and enters brain tissue, a TBI can develop. This can happen during a sport, at work, or even at home.
Acts of Violence
An act of violence from a gunshot wound, domestic abuse, or even child abuse such as shaken baby syndrome can also lead to a traumatic brain injury.
If you or someone you know has sustained a TBI, it is vital to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help improve your chances of your condition worsening.
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